Filmography Credits

Archive footage

The archive footage attribute is used for footage that was shot for an earlier, usually unidentified, production, such as a newsreel, home movie, outtakes, etc., or for archival documentation and not the specific production it is used in.

Essentially, we allow or exclude archive footage credits based on the following guidelines (it's implied that we reserve the right to make exceptions for special cases as we see fit):

  • The "on screen credit" rule
  • If someone's appearance is credited on screen it automatically qualifies as a valid archive footage credit, regardless of what type of archive footage it is. This supersedes any of the potential exclusions below.

  • The "movielink" rule
  • If someone's appearance is uncredited and covered by a movielink entry (e.g., footage from a film is recycled as a "prologue" or flashback in a sequel or subsequent film in a series) it does not qualify as "archive footage."

  • The "Forrest Gump" rule
  • If archive footage is an integral part of the film's narrative, it's eligible. Additional examples: scenes from Poor Cow creatively used as flashbacks in The Limey; President Clinton's appearance in Contact.

  • The "Bowling for Columbine" rule
  • If the film is a documentary and the archive footage is an integral/essential part of the story/topic, it qualifies (which means that even if he didn't appear as himself towards the end of the film, Charlton Heston's NRA rally footage would be enough to qualify as a valid "archive footage" entry, while Willie Horton's brief clip from the old anti-Dukakis campaign ad probably wouldn't).

  • The "That's Entertainment" compilation rule
  • If the film is a compilation/retrospective made up entirely or almost entirely of archive footage, then the people appearing in that footage qualify for archive footage credits.

  • The "no degrees of separation" rule
  • Only "archive" footage that is used directly in the film is eligible. If an actor appears in a film shown as being watched on TV in a scene of another film, then the first film clip is not eligible as archive footage. In other words, James Stewart's footage from Vertigo shown in a scene in Twelve Monkeys where Bruce Willis' character goes to the movies is not eligible.

  • The "must be real footage" rule
  • If someone's stock likeness appears as a photograph or as a poster on a wall, or on the cover of a magazine etc. in a scene of a film, it's not eligible.

    Note: The standard "two wrongs don't make a right" rule applies: just because we have credits that violate some of the above, doesn't mean that the rules are not valid (it just means that those credits were accepted before the rules were established, or we didn't know better, or we just made a mistake).
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